本试卷分第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）两部分。满分150 分。考试时间 150 分钟。
I . Phonetics(5 points)
Directions:In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
1. A. land B. lamb C. father D. ladder
2. A. challenge B. cheap C. choose D. character
3. A. sweat B. please C. beat D. meat
4. A. rescue B. league C. pursue D. argue
5. A. action B. section C. solution D. question
I. Vocabulary and Structure( 15 points)
Directions:There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B,C and D.Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
6. There no one to help me at this moment, I need to handle the work all by myself.
A. Be B. being C.to be D. been
7. Mary took a part-time job last summer, but her parents were unhappy about she did.
A. These B. which C. that D. what
8. I did not do well on the writing exam, for the topie to write on was unfamiliar me.
A. To B. for C. with D. about
9. I can hardly distinguish the two girls, since they look quite
A. Like B. unlike C. alike D. likely
10. You' d better speak loudly at the meeting everyone can hear you.
A. except that B. such that
C. in that D. so that
11. Peter would stay at home watching TV than go shopping with his mom.
A. Rather B. quite C. better D. still
12. By the time you return in two years, your hometown will a new look.
A. have taken on B. take on
C. have been taken on D. be taken on
13. Please make sure that your name is entered in the space when you fill out this form.
A. vacant B. bare C. blank D. empty
14. Reading aloud every day can be one of the most ways to improve your spoken English.
A. evident B. effective C. favorite D. favorable
15. If Peter had told his teacher about his difficulty in math homework，she him before the exam.
A. helps B. will help
C. would have helped D. would help
16. all the difficulties, the researcher continued her research.
A. In case of B. In spite of
C. Because of D. Instead of
17. The organizers of the conference have arranged hotel rooms for those students from out of town.
A. to come B. come C. coming D. to have come
18. The job applicant was worried about the interview he was well prepared.
A. if B. because C. when D. though
19. It was suggested that this hardworking girl an example for other students.
A. be set B. will be set C. could be set D. had been set
20. Since computers were introduced, they to be useful tools for people weak in math.
A. had proved B. have proved
C. will prove D. are proving Ⅲ. Cloze(30 points)
Directions :For each blank in the fllowing passage, there are four choices marked A, B,C theD. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.In our online life, we need to use passwords frequently.We use passwords 21 e-mail,gaming sites, social networking sites ， and other shopping sites. 22 ， the passwords most people use are not very 23 and can easily be “ "broken" by others. In fact, the most comonly used passwords are so simple that it requires very 24 effort to figure them out. Can you guess 25 the most commonly used passwords are? They are: Names of baseball teams, bith dates of a farmily 26 ，the year of a special sports event，the random numbers like 156468, 27 the name of a friend, pet, favorite TV star, or band. There are prograrms 28 to break into people' s online accounts. These programs are 29 of trying every word in the English dictionary and the dictionaries 30 many foreign languages, in their effort to break into an account. 31 can even search words backward. Some will try 32 words or words that are followed by numbers, 33 school222. These programs can test millions of passwords in a few minutes. So, you are advised to be careful about 34 passwords so that they will be hard to break. You are also advised not to make them
35 hard to remember. Meanwhile, you need to change them once in a while.
21. A. to B. with C.by D. for
22. A. However B. Therefore C. Moreover D. Besides
23. A. natural B. safe C. strange D. clear
24. A. minor B. small C. lttle D. tiny
25. A. what B. who C. where D. which
26. A. figure B. member C. creature D. character
27. A. as close as B. as good as C.as dear as D.as well as
28. A. formed B. shaped C. composed D. designed
29. A. typical B. capable C. sure D. true
30. A. from B. with C.of D. for
31. A. They B.It C. That D. Those
32. A. added B. gathered C. combined D. collected
33. A. such as B. except for C. as for D. as of
34. A. locating B. searching C. choosing D. tracking
35. A. rather B. too C. far D. enough
IV. Reading Comprehension(60 points)
Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is fllowed by four questions.
For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose onebest answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Sound sleep occurs when one s intermal clock is regulated. Cireadian rhythms ( 生 理 节 奏 ) can become compromised quite easily. Many people with sleep troubles tend to vary bedtimes. To avoid thi scommon problem, sleep sufferers shoud go to bed and wake up at the same time every day.To help improve crcadian rhythms ， sufferers should enjoy 15 minutes of sun exposure the first thing in the morming.
A bedtime routine can help prevent insmnia (失眠). One hour before betime, one shoud lower the lights and relax. Reading a book or listening to calm music can help prepare the body for a night's seep. Taking a warm, candlelit bath or drinking a cup of warm milk can also help you prepare for deep sleep at night.
Stress can have a bad efeet on the body and the ability to seep. A daily exercise routine can help lower the body' s stress naturally. One can also manage stres by writing diaris. Writing diaries can help people express their anxieties, plan for the future and improve sleep. Other ways to lower stress include deep breathing exercises and progressive muscle relaxation.
The light sending out from computers, cellphones, tablets and televisions can cause sleep problems. Therefore, these items should be turned off at least an hour before bedtime. Additinally ， lowering the backlight on these electronic devices earlier in the evening can help you fall asleep faster and stay asleep longer once bedtime arrives.
A perfect bedroom invites sweet sleep. Most people sleep better in a cool, dark, and quiet room.Lower the temperature in the room to 16 ~ 20 degrees for a peaceful night's sleep.A dark room can be accomplished by installing light blocking curtains or wearing a sleep mask. Noise can be reduced with either earplugs or a white noise machine. Finally, a comfortable mattress ( 床 垫 ) and pillows are essential to a good night's sleep.
36. What is the passge mainly about?
A. How to get a sound sleep.
B. How to lower body stress
C. How to regulate intemal clocks.
D. How to manage anxieties.
37. According to Paragraph 2, which of the following may lead to insomnia?
A. Reading a book for relaxation before bedtime.
B. Lowering lights one hour before bedtime.
C. Drinking some warm milk before bedtime.
D. Listening to rock music before bedtime.
38. What can be done to reduce stress?
A. Doing exercise every day
B. Making plans for the future.
C. Writing about your sleep patterns.
D. Learning to hold your breath.
39. What is the perfect condition for sleep?
A. A quiet room with flashing lights.
B. A bright room with white curtains.
C. A cool room with comfortable pillows.
D. A dark room with electronic devices.
Tom was aged four but he was talking like a two-year- old baby. He was saying such things as “ kick ball" and “ want car ” ， and using lots of one-word sentences. He should have been saying some really long sentences and telling stories with them. He wasn' t. Something had gone trribly wrong.
Quite a few children have what is called a “ language delay". For some reason they don't learn to speak as quickly as they should. Their friends shoot ahead and they ’ re left behind. As a result, they get very lonely. Nobody wants to talk to you if you can' t talk back.
Can anything be done to help these children? Yes. They can go to see a speech therapist- -a person who's specially trained to work out what' s wrong and who knows how to teach language to children.This is what happened to Tom. The speeh therpist played some games with him and heard how he talked. She made a recording of his speech, and chatted to his mom and dad about his background.They’ d taken Tom to see a doctor,but the doctor hadn’t found anything wrong with him.He seemed peretly normal in every way- except he just wasn talking.
Afer Tom and his parents had gone home, the therapist listened carefully to the recording she' d made .Then she looked at a chart which showed how language developed in children aged two,three,and four. She could see Tom was a long way behind.
The next step, she deided, was to teach Tom how to say some new sentences like”kick a red ball,”and”the clown
is kicking a ball.”Tom didn’t get the new sentences right straight away.But therapist was very patient,and after a few more visit he started to make progress.
40. How did the author introduce the topic of this passage?
A. By describing grammar errors made by kids.
B. By sharing experiences of speech therapists.
C. By using Tom' s case as an example.
D. By stating his personal views to readers.
41. What can be infered from the passage about “ language delay ?
A. It can be prevented by doctors.
B. It is seldom found among children.
C. It can be improved with certain help.
D. It may result from hearing problems.
42. What did the speech therapist do to help Tom?
A. She told others that Tom was normal in every way.
B. She asked Tom to play with some other children.
C. She made some recordings of his parents' speech.
D. She taught Tom new sentences in a patient way.
43. What is the best title for the passage?
A. What Can Doctors Do with Language Delay?
B. What Can Be Done about Kids with Language Delay?
C. How Can Language Delay Be Easily Detected?
D. How Can Parents Prevent Kids from Language Delay?
On a dry and cold Friday afenoon last October, Sharon Seline exchanged text messages with her daugher who was in college. They“chatted”back and forh, with the mom asking how things were going and the daugher answering psitively flowed by enotions (表情符) showing smils, b-i-g smiles and hearts.
Later that night, her daughter attempted suicide.
In the days that followed, it came to light that she' d hidden herself in her dorm, crying and showing signs of depression- a completely different reality from the one that she conveyed in text and Facebook posts.
As human beings,our only real method of connection is through real communication.Studies show that only7% of communication is based on writing and spraking.The majority of 93% is based on body language.Indeed,it’s only when we can heard a tone of voice or look into someone’s eyes that we’re able to know when“I'm fine" doesn't mean they' re fine all.
This is where social media gets risky.
With modem technology ， anyone can hide beind the text,the e-mail,or the Facebook post,projecting any image they want and creating a false image of their choosing.They can be whoever they want to be .And without the ability to receive body language,their audiences are none the wiser.
This presents a paradox which doesn ’ t exist before.With all the power social technologies at our fingertips, we are more connected- and potentially more disconnected- than ever betore.
Every relevant metric ( 衡量标准) shows that we are interacting at a great speed and frequency through social media. But are we really communicating? With 93% of our communication context (语境)lost, we are now attempting to establish relationships and make decisions based on phrases or emoticons,which may or may not accurately represent the truth.
44. Why does social media get risky according to the author?
A. The users’social connection is lost.
B. The users’messages may be ignored.
C. The users' real emotion may be hidden.
D. The users' voices can hardy be heard.
45. What phenomenon does the underlined word “ paradox" ( Paragraph 7) reflect?
A. People can be both happy and unhappy.
B. People can be both connected and disconneted.
C. People can end up being both wise and stupid.
D. People can form both true and false impressions.
46. What is true about today' s communication through social media?
A. It causes more health risks.
B. It gives litle communication context.
C. It leads to better relationships.
D. It improves the quality of interaction.
47. What is the best title for the passage?
A. Social Media and Its Function
B. Social Media and Its Abuses
C. Social Media and Its Future
D. Social Media and Its Risks
Alan Lakein, a time management expert, thinks that nothing is a total waste of time,including doing nothing at times. If you arrange things so that you find time to relax and “ do nothing" ， you will get more done and have more fun doing it.
One of his clients, a space engineer, didn' t know how to “ do nothing ” . Every minute of his leisure time was scheduled with intense activities. He had an outdoor- activites schedule in which he switched from skiing to tennis. His girlfriend kept up with him in these activities, although she would have preferred just to sit by the fire and relax once in a while. Like too many people, he felt the need to be doing something all the time, for doing nothing seemed a waste of time. His“relaxing by the fire" consisted of playing chess, reading magazines, or checking emails.
For an experiment, Alan asked him to" waste" his time for five minutes during one of their sessions together. What the engineer ended up doing was relaxing, stting quietly and daydreaming. When he was finally able to admit that emotional reasons caused him to reject relaxing as waste of time, he began to look more critically at that way of thinking. Once he knew that relaxing was a good use of time, he became less serious about being busy and started enjoying each activity more. Previously he had been so busy doing that he had no time to have fun at anything. He began to do less and have more fun. When Alan saw the client about three years later, he still had as busy a schedule as ever, but he was able to balance his activity with relaxing so that he came back to work Monday morning not feeling tired out from a busy weekend but refreshed.
48. What did“doing nothing" mean to the space engineer at first?
A. Outdoor activities.
B.A waste of time.
C. Few daily schedules.
D. More family hours.
49. What made the engineer reject relaxing?
A. Social reasons.
B. Family reasons.
C. Emotional reasons.
D. Physical reasons.
50. What happened after the engineer learmed “ doing nothing ?
A. He was not as busy as before.
B. He began to enjoy each activity more.
C. He started to do more of everything.
D. He did not have as much fun as before.
51. What can be iferered from the passage about “ doing nothing" ?
A. It makes people enjoy more indoor activities.
B. It enables you to have more work time.
C. It serves to improve family relationship.
D. It helps you do things more efficiently.
Socrates is often referred to as one of the founders of Westerm philosophy，and yet he wrote nothing,estabished no school, and held no particular theories of his own. What he did do, however,was frequently ask the questions that interested him, and in doing so developed a new way of thinking. This method proceeds (展开) as a dialogue between opposing views, and it earmed him many enemies in Athens, where he lived.
As a young man, Socrates is believed to have studied natural philosophy, looking at the various explanations of the nature of the universe, but then became involved in the politics of the city-state and concerned with more down-to- earth moral issues, such as the nature of justice.
However, he was not interested in winning arguments, or arguing for the sake of making money. Nor was he seeking answers or explanations. He was simply examining the basis of the concepts we apply to ourselves (such as “ good" ， “bad”, and “just" )，for he believed that understanding what we are is the first task of philosophy.
He was sentenced to death on charges of corrupting the young with bad ideas. But he also had many followers, and among them was Plato, who recorded Socrates’ ideas in the written works, called dialogues, in which Socrates sets about examining various ideas.
Socrates ’ central concerm, then, was the examination of life, and it was his cruel questioning of people' s most valued beliefs ( largely about themselves) that earned him his enemies- but he remained committed to his task until the very end. According to the account of his defense at his trial, Socrates chose death rather than face a life of ignorance: “ The life which is unexamined is not worth living”.
52. What is true about Socrates?
A. Socrates solved the problems of Westerm philosophy.
B. Socrates tried to find answers to his questions.
C. Socrates forced his enemies to accept his ideas.
D. Socrates cared about the meaning of life.
53. What is the most important task of philosophy according to Socrates?
A. Understanding our true self.
B. Examining some basic concepts.
C. Challenging the views of enemies.
D. Giving explanations for arguments.
54. What is the passage mainly about?
A. Socrates’beliefs of philosophy.
B. Socrates’outlook on death,
C. Socrates’influence on youths.
D. Socrates' questions about universe.
55. What is the tone of the passage?
A. Humorous. B. Bitter. C. Sympathetic. D. Objective.
V. Daily Conversation( 15 points)
Directions: Pick out appropriate expressions from the eigt choices below and complete the following dialogues by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
A. Sounds great!
B. This is our frst trip here.
C. When shall we set off?
D. Could you recommend some places for us?
E. You are welcome.
F. What could I get?
G. Have great fun.
H. Is there anyhing interesting there? Receptionist:Good momning!
Mr. Smith: Good morming! Today we are free for sightseeing.
56 Receptionist: Okay. Have you ever been here before?
Mr. Smith: No. 57 Receptionist: Then, I suggest that you visit the Ancient Cultural Street.
Mr. Smith: 58 Receptionist:Yes.The architectureis wonderful.It represents the folk style of the Qing Dynasty.
Mr.Smith: 59 Thank you very much. Receptionist: 60 Have a good time!
VI. Writing( 25 points)
Directions :For this part, you are supposed to write an e-mail in about 100 - 120 words based on the following situation. Remember to write it clearly.
61.新学期伊始，你们班准备组织-场迎新晚 会，让同学们熟悉起来。你(Li Yuan)打算邀请外教
( Tim)来参加迎新晚会。请给他写-封e-mail,内容包括: (1)邀请他参加迎新晚会;
(2)介绍迎新晚会的一些活动安排; (3)希望他能够做个简短发言; (4)期待他的到来。
【解析】A 项的读音为æ，B 项的读音为æ，C 项的读音为ɑ:，D 项的读音为æ，故C 项与其他三项不同。
【解析】A 项的读音为 tʃ，B 项的读音为 tʃ，C 项的读音为 tʃ，D 项的读音为k，故D 项与其他三项不同。
【解析】A 项的读音为 e，B 项的读音为 i:，C 项的读音为 i:，D 项的读音为i:，故A 项与其他三项不同。
【解析】A 项的读音为 ju:， B 项的读音不发音， C 项的读音为ju:，D 项的读音为ju:，故B 项与其他三项不同。
【解析】A 项的读音为ʃn，B 项的读音为ʃn，C 项的读音为ʃn，D 项的读音为tʃən，故D 项与其他三项不同。
【解析】句意：玛丽上个暑假做了一份兼职，但她的父母对她所做的事情感到不快。分析句子可知，空格处缺少一个连接词来引导宾语从句。these 不能引导宾语从句，that 不可放在介词后面作引导词，再根据句意可知，这里表示“干了什么”，所以用 what，故选D。
【解析】句意：我在写作考试中没考好，因为写作主题不是我熟悉的。Be unfamiliar to sb.为固定短语，意为“对…..来说不熟悉”，故选A。
9. 【答案】 C
【解析】句意：在会议上你最好讲大声点，以便每个人都可以听到你的声音。except that 意为“除了…以外”，such that 意为“使得，结果是”，in that 意为“因为”，so that 意为“以便于，为了”，故选D。
【解析】句意：皮特宁愿待在家看电视也不愿和他妈妈一起去购物。would rather do sth.than do sth.为固定搭配，意为“宁愿做……而不愿做……”，故选A
【解析】句意：等到两年后你回来，你的家乡会呈现一种新的风貌。by the time 引导状语从句时，从句如果用一般现在时来表示将来的动作，主句用将来完成时，且这里是主动语态，故选A。
【解析】 句意：当你填写这张表格时，请确保你的名字填在空白区。vacant 意为“空虚的”，bare 意为“赤裸的，空的”，blank 意为“空白的”，empty 意为“空的”。blank space 意为“空白区”，故选C。
【解析】句意：每天大声朗读是提升英语口语最有效的方法之一。evident 意为“显然的”，effective 意为“有效的”，favorite 意为“最喜欢的”，favorable 意为“有利的”。结合句意，故选B。
【解析】句意：如果皮特过去告诉他的老师他在数学作业方面的困难，她一定会在考试前帮助他。这是对过去的虚拟，从句用“if+主语+had done”形式，主句用“主语+would have done”的形式，故选C。
【解析】句意：尽管困难重重，研究员仍继续她的研究。in case of 意为“万一”，in spite of 意为“尽管”，because of 意为“因为”，instead of 意为“代替”。结合句意，故选B。
【解析】句意：会议组织人员已经为从外乡来的学生安排了酒店住房。分析句子可知，句子不缺少成分，空格后的内容作定语，修饰students，又因为 students 和 come 之间为主动关系，所以用现在分词，故选C。
【解析】句意：尽管求职者准备得很充分，但他还是对面试感到担心。if 意为“如果”，because 意为“因为”，when 意为“当…时候”，though 意为“尽管”。结合句意，故选D。
【解析】句意：有人建议，这个勤奋的女孩应该被树立成其他学生的榜样。suggest 意为“建议”，其后的宾从句用虚拟语气，即“主语+should+动词原形”的形式，且should 可以省略，故选A。
【解析】空格处的句子所要表达的意思是“将密码用于邮箱、游戏网站等”，use...for 意为“用于”，故选 D。
【解析】本句句意为：事实上，大多数人使用的密码非常简单，几乎不需要花费什么力气就可以弄清楚。minor 意为“次要的，较小的”，small 意为“小的”，little 意为“很少的”，tiny 意为“微小的”，very little effort 意为“很少的努力，几乎不花费力气”，故选C。
【解析】根据上下文可知，这里指的是“家庭成员的出生日期”。f gure 意为“ 人物”， member 意为“ 成员”， creature 意为“ 生物”，character 意为“性格”，故选B。
【解析】根据上下文可知，这里指的是“还有朋友、宠物、电影明星等的名宇”。as well as 意为“还有”，符合题意，故选D。
【解析】本句句意为：设计的这些程序可以侵入他人的在线账户。formed 意为“形成”，shaped 意为“塑造”，composed 意为“组成”，designed 意为“设计”，故选D。
【解析】本句句意为：这些程序能够把英语词典中的每个词都试一下。be capable of 意为“能够”，故选B。
【解析】本句句意为：这些程序能够把英语词典和许多其他外语词兴中的每个词都试一下。of 表所属，意为“ 的”，故选C。
【解析】本句句意为：有些人会尝试组合单词或数宇后紧跟单词。added 意为“增加的”，gathered 意为“聚集的”，combined 意为“组合的”，collected 意为“收集的”。结合句意，故选C。
【解析】 空格后是对前面内容的举例说明， such as 意为“ 例如”，故选A。
【解析】 本句句意为：你应该谨慎设置密码。choose passwords 意为“设置密码”，故选C。
【解析】 文章第二段提到，相当多的孩子都出现了语言迟缓的现象，故排除 B 项。D 项原文未提及，故排除。从第三、四、五段可知，医生无法治疗儿童语言迟缓，但是言语治疗师可以给这些儿童提供帮助，缓解这种症状，A 项错误，故选 C。
51. 【答案】 D
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